Ethiopia is a multi-party federal democracy with legislative authority resting with the government headed by an executive prime minister and the elected House of Representatives (547 members) and the House of Federation (110 members). The Prime Minister is chosen by the party in power following multi-party democratic national and federal state elections which are held every five years. Parties can be registered at either the national or the federal state level. The President is elected by the members of the House of People's Representatives.
President:Dr. Mulatu Teshome
Prime Minister:Hailemariam Desalegn
Speaker of the House of People's Representatives:Abadula Gemeda
Cabinet (November 2012):
The last federal and national elections were held in 2010 and were won by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front. The regional states (killil) elect their own Regional State Councils chosen from among their members. The State Councils also designate members for the House of Federation.
|Amhara||138||EPRDF 137 APDO 1|
|SNNP||123||EPRDF 122 PRIVATE 1|
|Addis Ababa||23||EPRDF 22 FORUM 1|
|Dire Dawa||2||EPRDF 1 SPDP 1|
|Harari||2||EPRDF 1 HNL 1|
ANDP - Afar National Democratic Party; APDO- Argoba People Democratic Organization; BGPDP – Benishangul-Gumuz People's Democratic Party; Forum - Ethiopian Federal Democratic Unity Forum (Medrek); GPUDM – Gambella Peoples Unity Democratic Movement; HNL - Harari National League; SPDM –Somali People's Democratic Movement. The EPRDF - the Ethiopian Peoples Revolutionary Democratic Party, is a coalition of the Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM), the Oromo People's Democratic Organization (OPDO), the Tigrai People's Liberation Front (TPLF) and the Southern Ethiopian Peoples' Democratic Front (SEPDF).
The EPRDF won 499 of the 547 federal parliamentary seats, with 38 seats in Tigray, 137 in Amhara, 178 in Oromia, 122 in South Ethiopia Peoples State and 22 seats in Addis Ababa. Allied parties won 8 seats in Afar states, 9 seats in Benishangul Gumuz, 3 seats in Gambella State and 23 seats in Somali State. The EPRDF also won one seat in each of Harari state and the Dire Dawa City Administration. The opposition Forum won one seat in Addis Ababa; an independent candidate won a seat in the South Ethiopia Peoples State.